Design Process

Persian carpets are one of the supreme Oriental art forms. Surving evidence suggests that, in many respects, they have changed surprisingly little over several millenia and that the techniques we now associate with Eastern carpet weaving, in particular the two principal forms of 'knotting', have been in existence for at least 3,500 years.

Every carpet starts with a loom, a simple frame which gives the base threads the necessary tension to allow knots to be tied on them. The most basic form is the horizontal loom used by nomadic tribal weavers. Production of the more sophisticated village and city rugs varies only in the type of loom used, the quality of the yarns and the degree of technical skill of the weaver.

Carpets may be made solely from wool or from combinations of wool, cotton and silk. Some rough tribal carpets may even incorporate goat or camel hair for greater strength and for greater economy. Almost all city rugs are made on cotton or silk.